• Madani Sahari

Deployment of electric mobility in Malaysia

Global warming phenomenon resulting in higher temperatures, rising sea level, severe flooding, droughts, stormy weathers are amongst catastrophes nowadays increasingly common everywhere.

Scientists have hypothesised that an increase by 2°C in the earth temperature from now on would result in severe melting of polar ice, which in turn would submerge land currently occupied by 280 million people worldwide. Whilst an increase of 4°C will result in land submersion covering an areas lived on by more than 600 million people.

Exhaust emission from our personal vehicles are one of the major cause of global warming. Cars and trucks collectively account for nearly one-fifth of all of the gaseous emission, emitting around 11 kilogram of carbon dioxide and other global warming gases for every gallon of petrol

It is estimated that each country contributes in order of magnitude of 30 per cent of the global warming emission by their respective transport sector. Henceforth to prolong mankind occupancy of the planet earth using less oil is the real solution.

Rising popularity of hybrid vehicles amongst the public is a positive indicator towards reducing the usage of oil to propel our vehicles. Forthcoming electric and fuel cells vehicles into the market place are more than welcome by those who are concerned with the undesirable global warming phenomenon.

However, for those non-emission vehicles to effectively replace the conventional ones, suitable and massive infrastructure to support the vehicles must first be put in place. A predicament currently faced by most governments of today, where economically it is not viable to install the expensive infrastructure while waiting for the vehicles to come on the roads. Whilst the vehicles manufacturers simple avoiding to mass produce the vehicles without infrastructural support for a simple reason without appropriate infrastructure market penetration would be difficult.

While technological developments have gone far forefront for those non-emission vehicles with successful prototypes now awaiting mass production, the prescribed predicament is a factor that will delay in the common usage of these non-emission vehicles both worldwide and nationwide.

Increased awareness of the consequences of global warming will be the push factor for governments to seek solution towards encouraging and enhancing the usage of non-emission vehicles by their respective populace.

Malaysia, being a nation sensitive to the effect of global warming, has instituted a specific policy to bring about the use of energy efficient vehicle (EEV) in the country via its National Automotive Policy (NAP 2014) launched in early 2014. The policy encourages EEV be manufacture in the country with the hope of the nation becoming the EEV manufacturing hub in the region.

Rental, sharing or leasing schemes for electric vehicle enthusiasts have been introduced in collaborations with local entrepreneurs to promote the use of electric cars. The initiatives have started since 2014 and expected to intensify to a bigger scale by 2018.

Commercial electric vehicles usage by the local transport operators is an on-going project successfully implemented and soon it is our hope that electric buses will replace the polluting conventional ones operating in the capital cities for commuters.

Battery manufacturing locally is a crucial step towards ensuring the sustainability of electric vehicles to operate on the local roads. Initiative in this respect has been encouraging and the locally manufactured battery will be available upon the bigger penetration of electric vehicles in the local market.

Advanced research in areas such as powder production for cathodes and anodes, cell, modular production, pack assembly technique and vehicle integration procedure for batteries are on-going to support the manufacture and usage of electric vehicles in the country.

In all endeavours Malaysia must focus on creating the right ecosystem for electric mobility to flourish and its usage sustainable in the longer terms.

Electric Mobility Can Significantly Contribute Towards Reducing Global Warming

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